|Launch Complex 41 ~ Titan 3, 4 and Atlas 5|
|Launch Complex 41 was built to support Titan launches starting December 21, 1965, and was convereted in the early 2000s to support the newest launch vehicle, the Atlas 5. Historically, Pad 41 was the last point on Earth for some of the greatest missions ever launched, including the twin Viking landers in 1975, which became the first to successfully land on Mars; the twin Voyager probes in 1977, which completed the Grand Tour of the outer solar system visiting Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, the latter two for the first time in history. More recently, in 2006, this was the starting point for the world's first mission to Pluto, New Horizons.
In all, Pad 41 supported 27 launches, all Titan. Complex 41's final Titan sendoff came on a low note, featuring two failures in 1998 and 1999, the first of which was one of the most spectacular in the Cape's history. As of April 10, 2006, the pad has supported seven Atlas 5 launches for a total of 34 in history.
For reference, the lightning towers above are just shy of 40 stories in height.
|Today, the Atlas 5 is assembled in the Vertical Intergration Facility, or VIF, and rolls the 1800 feet to the launch pad by train in the day before liftoff:|